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江西自考网-英语试题和答案解析1
添加时间:2019-08-22
  Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)
  从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的答案涂黑。 
Passage One
     Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
     The communication process begins with the formulation of an idea or the selection of information by its sender. The sender then encodes the idea into symbols, thereby creating a message, which is subsequently transmitted (传送) through one or more channels (e.g., speaking, writing, or electronic media). It is at this point that the receiver decodes(解码) and attaches meaning to the message. If effective communication has occurred, the receiver will understand the idea and information as the sender intended. Unfortunately, the potential for physical and perceptual noise, which can distort the intended message of the sender, is present at every stage of the process. Fortunately, noise can be overcome through effective feedback(反馈), a response from the sender that allows misunderstandings to be identified and resolved. Twoway communication-communication that allows feedback-is almost always more effective than oneway communication.
    Each of the steps in the communication process has potential problems that can impede(妨碍)  effective communication. During encoding, the primary difficulty usually results from the nature of symbols and the semantic (语义) variation in their meanings. In addition to these distortions, the sender must also be aware of nonverbal messages that might distort the message. This awareness is important because research has shown that nonverbal messages are given greater weight by the receiver when decoding and attaching meaning to the message. The effectiveness of encoding will be increased if the sender develops empathy (感情移入) for the receiver and is aware of his or her own feelings and emotions. The key to effective transmission of the message is choosing the most appropriate channel or channels of media for the situation.
21. The best title for the passage is ________.
  A. Communication Process          B. Communication
  C. Effective Communication        D. Transmission of Messages
22. Twoway communication is more effective than oneway communication because ________.
  A. it allows feedback
  B. it can distort the intended message of the sender
  C. the sender is aware of the nonverbal messages that might distort the message
  D. none of the above
23. Unless the receiver understand the idea and information as the sender intended, ________.
  A. effective communication can be achieved
  B. effective communication cannot be achieved
  C. the communication process will not end
  D. both B and C
24. Problems that might impede effective communication are caused by________.
  A. the nature of symbol
  B. the semantic variation in their meanings
  C. nonverbal messages
  D. all of the above
25. Which of the following is critical to effective communication?
  A. Creating a message.
  B. Developing empathy for the receiver.
  C. Overcoming noise through effective feedback.
  D. Choosing the most appropriate channel or channels of media.




答案:Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)
21. C          22. A          23. B          24. D          25. D